what is the difference between types 1 and type 2 diabetes

Types 1 diabetes vs type 2 – Despite having identical names, both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are distinct diseases with distinct underlying causes. The main distinction between Types 1 diabetes vs type 2 diabetes seems to be that type 1 is thought to be brought on by an autoimmune response and manifests itself early in life. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs over several years and is linked to life choices, including inactivity and obesity. Adolescents are typically when it is discovered. Type 1 diabetes risk factors may not be as well understood. Dependable source; however, family history could be relevant. 

Type 1 diabetes causes

The human body’s immune system defends against external intruders such as dangerous virus infections and germs. The immunological response is thought to be the etiology of type 1 diabetes. The immune response misidentifies the body’s original healthy cells as foreign invasions in persons having type 1 diabetes. The pancreatic beta cells that produce insulin are attacked by and destroyed by the body’s immune system. After the body breaks down these beta cells, it becomes unable to create insulin. The immune system occasionally targets the body’s own cells, but experts are unsure. Why?  It might be influenced by genetic factors and environmental factors, like being exposed to viruses. Autoimmunity illnesses are still being studied. Diabetes type 1 is not brought on by dietary or life choices.

Type 2 diabetes causes

Insulin sensitivity is present in those with type 2 diabetes. Even though the body continues to manufacture insulin, it cannot be utilized properly. Researchers do not fully understand why some individuals develop insulin resistance whereas others do not, but several lifestyle choices, such as being sedentary and overweight, may play a role. There may be additional biological and environmental factors to consider. Your pancreas will attempt to make up for the type 2 diabetes you have by generating extra insulin. Glucose builds up in your bloodstream since the body cannot use insulin properly.

The effects of diabetes on the body

Both Type 1 diabetes vs type 2 are indeed the 2 main subtypes. People raise questions such as ‘what is the difference between types 1 and 2 diabetes? Both kinds of diabetes are degenerative conditions that interfere with your body’s ability to control sugar or glucose levels. The fuel that powers your body’s cells is glycogen, which requires a code to access your cells. The solution is insulin. Diabetes type 1 patients do not even make insulin. You may compare it to being without a key. People with type 2 diabetes generally don’t produce enough insulin further in the disease and don’t react to it as effectively as they ought. It is akin to having a defective key.

Describe the causes of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes risk factors.

Compared to type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes risks are less widely understood. Known danger indicators involve: 

Family history: Diabetes type 1 is more likely to occur in individuals with a sibling or parent who has it.

Age: Type-1 diabetes may emerge at any age, but children and teenagers are most likely to contract it.

Diabetes type 2 risk factors

If you: Reliable Source, you risk acquiring type 2 diabetes.

  • A prediabetic condition or mildly increased levels of blood sugar.
  • Who are obese or who is overweight?
  • A large amount of abdominal fat.
  • Are not active three times a week or more.
  • Are older than 45.
  • Having always had gestational diabetes or the pregnancy-related form of the disease.
  • Having delivered a child that weighed over 9 pounds.
  • Because of institutional injustices causing health inequalities, are Black, Hispanic or Latino, American Indian, or Alaska Native?
  • Possess a diabetic type 2 individual of the direct family.
  • Possess polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).

What signs of diabetes are there?

Both type 1 and type 2 diabetics can cause symptoms like :

  • Excessive urination.
  • Having a lot of hunger and drinking.
  • Being incredibly hungry.
  • Feeling extremely worn out.
  • Being visually impaired
  • Enduring wounds or sores which do not heal
  • Being visually impaired
  • With extremely dry skin
  • Being infected more frequently than is usual

Both type 1 and type 2 diabetics may become agitated, exhibit mood swings, and unintentionally lose weight.

Numbness in the feet and hands with diabetes

Diabetes of either Types 1 diabetes vs type 2 can cause tingling & numbness in the fingers and legs. As stated by the American Diabetes Association, effective glucose control dramatically lowers the chance of experiencing tingling and numbness in individuals with type 1 diabetes (ADA).

Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes share a lot of signs, yet they appear in completely distinct ways. Many type 2 diabetics don’t exhibit symptoms for years, and when they do, they frequently worsen.

Prevention and Treatment for Disease (CDC)

Government power gradually gained over an extended length of time. Some persons with type 2 diabetes exhibit no signs and are only diagnosed after experiencing difficulties. Type 1 diabetes signs appear suddenly, usually over a period of a few weeks. This kind, formerly called juvenile diabetes, typically appears during adolescence or childhood. However, type 1 diabetes can appear in later life.

How are diabetes types 1 and 2 treated?

Type 1 diabetes is now incurable. Since individuals with type 1 diabetes cannot produce insulin, they must frequently take it and monitor their blood sugar levels. Several times a day, many individuals administer injections to soft tissue like the abdomen, arms, or buttocks. Some individuals utilize insulin pumps. Through some kind of tiny tube, insulin infusion delivers a consistent dose of diabetes medication to the body. Since blood glucose levels can change rapidly, blood glucose testing is important in treating type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is manageable and sometimes even prevented through exercise and diet, but many people require further assistance. Your doctor may recommend drugs that improve the way your body uses glucose if lifestyle modifications are ineffective. Blood sugar control is crucial for managing type 2 diabetes as well. With this method, you can only determine if you’re hitting your annual targets. Your doctor might advise doing periodic or, perhaps more often, blood sugar checks. Your doctor might suggest insulin shots if your blood glucose is high.

Is it possible to stop diabetes?

Diabetic type 1 cannot be stopped. By making certain lifestyle modifications, you might well be able to reduce your chance of acquiring type 2 diabetes, including:

  • Keeping a healthy body weight.
  • Consult your doctors to create a healthy body weight strategy if you are overweight.
  • Raising your level of physical activity.
  • Consuming a balanced diet, cutting back on sugary and highly processed foods, and exercising

Even though the illness cannot be prevented, constant monitoring can return the blood glucose levels to normal and stop the emergence of serious consequences.

How widespread is diabetes?

37.3 million Americans have diabetes, by the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).  That amounts to just over 1 in 11 persons. According to the CDC, 8.5 million persons worldwide are untreated diabetics. This equates to around 3.4percentage points of American adults. As individuals get older, more people will develop diabetes. The rates increase to 29.2 percent for people 65 & olderTrusted Source. 

Which diets are suggested for people with diabetes?

In Types 1 diabetes vs type 2, the key to treating diabetes is maintaining a healthy diet and controlling your blood sugar. Work with your physician to determine how much glucose you may be required to inject following consuming particular foods if you suffer from type 1 diabetes. For instance, in persons with type 1 diabetes, specific carbohydrates might result in a sharp rise in blood glucose levels. You’ll have to inject insulin to combat this, but you must know how much you should take. To discover a diet or nutritional strategy that fits their health, approach to life, and economy, individuals with diabetes may have to experiment with various diets and eating regimens.


‘What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes is the question we tried to answer. Type 1 diabetes is a genetic condition that normally manifests in infancy, whereas type 2 diabetes progresses over time, primarily due to food. Both times, but for various causes, your body cannot create enough insulin to maintain adequate blood sugar control. An A1C check, which analyses your glucose levels for the previous two to three months, can be used to diagnose diabetes, whether you’re showing signs and which is the most common type of diabetes.


Q1) How prevalent is type 1 diabetes?

Ans: Compared to type 2, type-1 diabetes is much less frequent. Type 1 diabetes affects between 5 and 10 percent of people who have diabetes. Although it can take place at any age, it typically manifests in kids, teenagers, and young adults.

Q2) Which is the most common type of diabetes?

Ans: Most diabetics (90–95%) are type 2. It takes years to develop, and adults are typically diagnosed with it. When you are at risk, it’s crucial to get your glucose levels tested because you might not exhibit any signs.