What is energy? Energy is something we all need for our survival. We need energy in everything we do or perform, like- running, solving a problem, moving from one place to another, and so on. Our source of energy is food, like this, there are many types of energy that acts as a huge source of energy.
Just like humans who collect their energy from food, non-living objects like- cars, buses, ships, airplanes, etc. also do need energy to perform their tasks. So, what are the sources and types of energy? In this article, we will discuss about the types of energy and their use.
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What are the various types of energy?
In total there are eight significant forms of energy that include, Kinetic, Chemical, Electrical, Heat, light, sound, potential, and nuclear. Let’s study every energy in detail with examples.
- Kinetic energy
Kinetic energy is only defined for all moving objects. Every moving body has some kinetic energy and when the same body comes to rest its kinetic energy becomes zero. A few examples that possess kinetic energy are- a moving car, a ball thrown, a flying airplane, and everybody you see in motion.
- Chemical energy
Chemical energy is found between the bonds of chemical compounds, like- molecules and atoms. It is the energy stored form of energy that is later used in the formation or destruction of chemical bonds during a chemical reaction.
Examples of chemical energy are- biomass, batteries, natural gas, coal, etc. The most relatable example of stored chemical energy is food. Food stores energy and uses it later by releasing it at the time of digestion.
- Electrical energy
It is the type of energy that is generated by charging small particles like electrons. Electrical energy is also termed as a kind of kinetic energy because if we look into its formation, moving electrical charges are the cause of its generation. Hence the motion of electrons takes place here, it is a kind of kinetic energy only.
In our day-to-day life, there are many places where we see the use of electrical energy, like- Charging phones or laptops, electrical cars, lightning, etc.
- Light energy
Another name given to light energy is radiant energy. The best example of light energy can be seen in plants during the process of photosynthesis. In order to prepare their food, plants consume the energy from the sun and then convert it into chemical energy which is basically the food for plants.
More examples of light energy are- bulbs, lasers, stars, etc.
- Sound energy
Anything that we hear is the result of sound energy. The louder we hear or speak the more sound energy is used. A few examples of sound energy are- speaking, singing, clapping hands, playing any instrument, dog barks, etc.
- Thermal energy
The energy which is also known by the name heat energy is thermal energy only. This is the energy that totally depends on the temperature. The increase in temperature results in the faster vibration of particles of matter. The source of the generation of thermal energy is fire.
Its examples include- gas stoves, room heaters, baking in an oven, etc.
So, this was all about the energy, types of energy, and their uses with respective examples. Hope you got to learn some new and interesting facts from the above article.
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